Statement by H.E. Ambassador SHINO Mitsuko, Deputy Permanent Representative of Japan to the United Nations, at the United Nations Security Council Briefing, Agenda item “Central African Region”


Thank you, Mr. President.
I thank SRSG Abarry and ECCAS Commission President Verissimo (tbc) for their insightful briefings.
Today I want to make four points.
First, Japan notes the relative political stability the region has enjoyed since our meeting last December, despite reported restrictions on civil spaces in some countries. We reiterate the centrality of good governance and resilient democratic institutions based on rule of law and that continuous efforts must be made to protect civic space, including freedom of expression, and to ensure inclusivity in political dialogue.
In this vein, Japan appreciates the inclusive national dialogue that took place in Gabon in April and the advances the country is making towards a return to constitutional order, in line with the defined timeline. We look forward to the conducting of peaceful and fair presidential and legislative elections in August 2025. On Chad, Japan welcomes the efforts of the people of Chad in holding last month’s presidential elections in a generally peaceful manner and hopes for further progress towards democracy in an inclusive, peaceful and transparent manner.
Secondly, on the security front, we remain concerned about the continued violence in the North-west and South-west regions of Cameroon, and especially on the effect this is having on future generations deprived of their right to education, as was noted in the Secretary-General’s report. We call on the Government of Cameroon, based on the 2019 National Dialogue, to constructively engage all stakeholders towards reconstruction and development in these areas and for the safe return of refugees and internally displaced persons.
Thirdly, Japan is perturbed by the persistent insecurity and dire humanitarian situation in the region. This is exacerbated by the negative effects of climate change with rising food insecurity, water scarcity, clashes among communities and forced displacement. Japan commends the shared efforts by countries in the region, ECCAS, UNOCA and other actors in promoting the climate, peace and security agenda in Central African region which is imperative to achieving long-term regional stability.
Lastly, concerted efforts by national governments, sub-regional and regional organizations and the international community are needed to take on the multifaceted challenges of governance the region faces which impact social, economic and political development. UNOCA holds a unique position to facilitate and enhance such efforts. In this regard, Japan supports the mandate renewal of UNOCA for another three years as recommended by the Secretary-General.
Furthermore, we should strive to adopt a Security Council Presidential Statement. It is nearly five years since the last one was issued. A PRST will not only signal the Council’s support for the valuable work of UNOCA but will also provide more concrete guidance concerning the Council’s priorities, taking into account recent developments in the region.
I thank you.