I thank Assistant Secretary-General Keita for her briefing. Japan appreciates the efforts by the Secretariat to compile the recommendations contained in the letter from the Secretary-General.
This year the Council has had several meetings concerning peacekeeping, including the Open Debate on Reform of UN Peacekeeping Operations where resolution 2378 was adopted under Ethiopia’s presidency.
It has been repeatedly emphasized that there are persistent force generation and capabilities gaps. Japan believes that training and capacity building are important tools to fill the gaps. Particularly, training and capacity building need to be well linked to actual deployments of TCCs/PCCs. To ensure that this happens, successful matchmaking by the Secretariat between training and capacity building providers and recipients is essential.
Not only the Secretariat, but also Missions on the ground can play a role in ensuring the linkage between training and capacity building and deployments. Missions can contribute to identifying training and capacity building requirements from their experience on the ground and report them to New York. A Mission review provides a good opportunity for recommendations from the field. The Council should consider tasking a Mission review to explore what the Secretariat and Missions can do to address each Mission’s specific gaps.
The ongoing UN reform should result in a more effective working relationship between the Secretariat headquarters and the Missions. Through UN reform, fragmentation within the Secretariat should be eliminated, and nimble communication between the Secretariat and the Missions should be enhanced. There should be increased synergy in the area of training and capacity building between New York and the Missions.
The UN is not the only actor that is called to address the capabilities gaps. Filling the gaps must be a collective effort by the wider member state community. Many good examples were shared in the 2017 UN Peacekeeping Defence Ministerial conference in Vancouver. The Security Council Working Group on Peacekeeping Operations (PKO Working Group) and the Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations (C34) can be also utilized. I propose that PKO Working Group and C34 organize a joint session to take stock of existing efforts and pledges, identify challenges and share ideas for improvements.
Tangible contributions and assistance by member states are also vital. Japan welcomes the SG letter recommending the expansion of the Triangular partnership projects to include additional geographical regions and additional enabling capabilities. Japan decided this month to provide further support to the UN Signals Academy. Japan will further enhance training and capacity building support in countries of the Indo-Pacific region, which spreads from the Asia-Pacific to Africa.
I sincerely hope that views and proposals raised by Council members today will lead to discussions and concrete actions in the year 2018. That is how we will be able to institutionalize a virtuous loop of training and capacity building and deployment within the UN system.
Japan will continue to be committed in this collective endeavor to fill the gaps, by contributing to discussions in New York, as well as providing tangible support to TCCs/PCCs.
Statement by H.E. Ambassador Koro Bessho Permanent Representative of Japan to the United Nations at the Briefing of the United Nations Security Council on Peacekeeping Operations
December 21, 2017