Statement by H.E. Ambassador Koro Bessho, Permanent Representative of Japan to the United Nations, at the Security Council Briefing on PKO Police Commissioners

Mr. President,
I would like to begin by thanking Under-Secretary-General Lacroix and the Police Commissioners of MINUSMA, MINUJUSTH, and UNAMID for sharing their experiences with us.  I also express my heartfelt appreciation to all peacekeepers for their contributions in the face of severe challenges on the ground.
We welcome today’s discussion as part of the Council’s broader focus throughout the year on making peacekeeping operations as effective as possible through better mandates, capabilities, and force generation.  Today’s resolution also follows important work in 2014 on the rule of law and the good governance and oversight of security institutions through resolution 2151 on security sector reform and resolution 2185 on policing.  We have had a series of discussions on peacekeeping in this chamber this year, and Japan believes that it is time to move from proposals to action. Today’s resolution will provide important guidance on the way ahead.
All of the missions today offer important lessons and insights, but I would like first to highlight Haiti since MINUSTAH has successfully completed operations last month.  MINUSTAH’s support to the Haitian National Police provides a successful example of the role of policing based on national ownership.  MINUSTAH has adapted to changing circumstances on the ground through community violence reduction initiatives while supporting police capacity building, improved criminal justice procedures, joint patrols, and the development of the 2017-2021 strategic plan. The transition to MINUJUSTH also serves as model for how UN peacekeeping missions should adapt as a country’s needs change, as part of an eventual exit strategy.
The briefing by Mr. Yacouba reminds us that the role of police in MINUSMA is vital.  Due to the growing security threat in Mali, we tend to focus on the Malian Defense and Security Forces, but security and justice cannot be delivered by them alone. The primary objective of MINUSMA’s mandate is to support the Government’s efforts for the gradual restoration and extension of State authority, including the Malian Police. Japan has been providing capacity building assistance to the Malian Police in cooperation with UN police.
Regarding UNAMID, we look forward to continuous efforts by the Mission’s police to strengthen local police for protection of civilians tasks as well as safe and voluntary return of IDPs as the mission’s drawdown progresses. We hope that in so doing, UNAMID will be able to set a new standard for dealing with the gender related issues.
During its Council presidency in December, Japan hopes to round out this year’s discussions by holding a meeting on effective and efficient training and capacity building, based on the report of the Secretary-General mandated by resolution 2378.  2018, in turn, will be the year to translate our various discussions and resolutions into concrete results in the field, a goal shared with the Secretary-General’s reforms.  Interaction with the wider UN membership is key to success.  Japan looks forward to actively supporting these efforts.
I thank you, Mr. President.