Statement by H.E. Ambassador Koro Bessho Permanent Representative of Japan to the United Nations At the Briefing of the Security Council On the Situation in South Sudan

Thank you, Mr. President.
I thank Special Representative of Secretary General, Mr. Shearer, and Chairman of JMEC, President Mogae, for their comprehensive briefings.
The serious situation in South Sudan overall continues unabated, and so our message is also unchanged: violations of the ceasefire and humanitarian access restrictions must stop, and the Government of South Sudan must cooperate fully with UNMISS.  First Vice President Taban Deng Gai committed to action on each of these areas at the General Assembly last week.  The Government must demonstrate concrete results in this regard.  The Council should remain united in sending a strong message to the Government and the opposition. 
The human costs of the ongoing conflict are enormous: nearly a third of South Sudanese are internally displaced or refugees, many of them women and children.  Half of the population is food insecure.  The international community’s continued efforts are needed to fully fund the Humanitarian Response Plan.  On 19 September, Japan announced 3 million US dollars in emergency grant aid for WFP and FAO to help address food insecurity in South Sudan.  Unhindered access and protection for humanitarian personnel are essential.
The only solution to these challenges is through the political process.  Japan continues to underline the importance of a genuinely inclusive political process, including the National Dialogue.  We strongly support the IGAD-led efforts on the high-level revitalization forum.  Like others, we welcome the strong AUPSC communique of 20 September indicating that this process represents a unique window of opportunity, but equally a last chance for the parties to really achieve peace and stability.
We commend the robust posture of UNMISS under the SRSG Shearer’s leadership.  The RPF’s deployment is also a positive development and we look forward to its expeditious completion, with full cooperation between the Government, TCCs and UNMISS. 
The situation in South Sudan remains extremely difficult. The revitalization efforts and the work of UNMISS offer the way forward.  Japan will continue to support the people of South Sudan in their search for lasting peace and security.
I thank you, Mr. President.