Statement by H.E. Ambassador Koro Bessho, Permanent Representative of Japan to the United Nations, at the United Nations Security Council Briefing on Non-Proliferation (Report of the Secretary-General on the Implementation of Security Council Resolution 2231)

Mr. President,
I thank the three briefers for their reports on the implementation of Resolution 2231. Japan fully supports the Secretary-General’s call for all Member States to act in accordance with and in support of the historic Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, and to avoid provocative actions and statements. Japan is committed to working closely with Council members, Iran, and all other UN Member States to enable the most effective possible implementation of the JCPOA and Resolution 2231.
Let me turn now to Iran’s ballistic missile launches.  In his recent report, the Secretary-General called upon Iran to avoid such ballistic missile launches that have the potential to increase tensions.  Japan believes that such launches as conducted by Iran in January are inconsistent with Resolution 2231.  As other delegations have already noted today, we are concerned by these ballistic missile launches, which can be destabilizing for the Middle East under the delicate situation.
On this note, we should recall the JCPOA’s important potential to contribute to peace and security in the Middle East. In March this year, the Permanent Representative of Iran circulated a letter to the Council expressing Iran’s willingness to take effective measures to end the crisis in Syria, including via humanitarian assistance. Iran can and should play a constructive role in peace and stability in the region, particularly in Syria and Yemen, and in the international community more generally. We hope that Iran will implement the commitments outlined in its March letter.
Mr. President,
Japan welcomes JCPOA parties’ steady implementation of their nuclear-related commitments, and commends the IAEA’s critical role in verifying and monitoring those commitments. We underscore that Iran’s application of the Additional Protocol and the transparency measures is key not only for full implementation of the JCPOA, but also for regional confidence building. Japan will continue to support the independent and objective work of the IAEA.
One and a half years since JCPOA implementation day in January 2016, the uniqueness of the 2231 format are increasingly clear. The format does not include a subsidiary body but requires extensive data collection, analysis, and reporting by the Secretariat. Given these challenges, Japan commends the Secretariat’s efforts in preparing six-month reports with a high degree of independency, objectivity and expertise. In the recent report of the Secretary-General, we see some pending issues on which the Secretariat will need to report to the Council in upcoming reports. Given the particular challenges of data collection under 2231, we encourage the Secretariat to utilize such tools as the Yemen Sanctions Committee and the Somalia-Eritrea Sanctions Committee to obtain relevant information. An objective and credible report will allow the Council to fully understand the situation and take appropriate action.
I thank you, Mr. President.