- By Theme
United Nations' Efforts in Peace and Security
Article 1 of the UN Charter stipulates that one of the purposes of the United Nations is "to maintain international peace and security." It is the United Nations Security Council which assumes the primary responsibilities in this field. The Security Council is engaged in various activities towards the maintenance of international peace and security, including conflict prevention, peacekeeping and peacebuilding. The fifteen countries that are members of the Security Council meet on nearly a daily basis to discuss conflicts in the world and other related issues and to make decisions as the Council. In 2014, a total of 263 formal meetings were held and 63 resolutions were adopted.
One of the means though which Security Council decisions are implemented for the settlement of conflicts and stabilization of post conflict regions is the United Nations Peacekeeping Operations (PKOs). PKOs remain one of the core activities of the UN towards the maintenance of peace and security and many of the operations are deployed in Africa and the Middle East. In recent years, along with the traditional activities such as ceasefire and monitoring of the withdrawal, the roles of PKOs have been expanded with new mandates such as disarmament, demobilization, reintegration (DDR), security sector reform, electoral assistance, human rights protection, assistance in the rule of law sector, encouragement of political process, and protection of civilians.
Japan 's Efforts in Peace and Security
[Achievements and Previous Experience]
Japan has served as a non-permanent member of the Security Council for ten terms and has been actively taking part in discussions towards the maintenance of international peace and security. Furthermore, Japan has engaged in a spectrum of international peace cooperation activities, including participation and assistance to United Nations PKOs and coalition forces, different forms of diplomatic engagement such as preventive diplomacy and mediation, provision of emergency humanitarian assistance and assistance for rehabilitation, reconstruction and post-conflict nation-building and peacebuilding. To date, Japan has dispatched contingents and personnel to fifteen peace operations including Cambodia, Mozambique, and Nepal. Currently, the Japanese Self Defense Forces (JSDF) is working on the United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS). Furthermore, Japan has been making concrete efforts for peacebuilding in Iraq, Afghanistan, Sudan, Somalia, Cambodia, Kosovo, Timor-Leste, Palestine and other areas.
As international peace and stability are indispensable foundations for the stability and prosperity of Japan, it is very important for Japan to dedicate its efforts proactively to maintenance of international peace and stability. Being elected as a non-permanent member of the Security Council for the term 2016 - 2017 at the election held on 15th October 2015, Japan will continue to make proactive contributions on a wide range of issues concerning international peace and security while on the Security Council. Also, Japan continues its efforts in the field of Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding including through proactive contribution to PKOs, humanitarian assistance, and activities of the Peacebuilding Commission to assist the reconstruction of post-conflict countries.