The United Nations Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security under the United Nations Charter.
The Security Council consists of 5 permanent members (China, France, Russia, United Kingdom and United States) and 10 elected members (non-permanent members), which are elected by the General Assembly for two-year terms, with 5 members replaced each year.
(1) Austria, Japan, Mexico, Turkey, Uganda ( - December 31, 2010)
(2) Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Gabon, Lebanon, Nigeria ( - December 31, 2011)
The Security Council tackles issues that pose risks or threats to international and regional peace and security and adopts appropriate resolutions as well as issuing presidential statements and press statements. Through the adoption of resolutions, the Security Council employs various tools such as sanctions, peacekeeping operations (PKOs), and the establishment of subsidiary bodies concerning non-proliferation and counter-terrorism. Only the Security Council has the authority to make binding decisions under the United Nations Charter.
Japan’s Activities in the Security Council
Japan was elected as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council for the tenth time in the 63rd session of the General Assembly. (Japan has been the most frequently elected member state along with Brazil.) Japan is currently serving a two-year term in the UNSC starting from January 1, 2009.
（ref.）previous terms: 1958-1959, 1966-1967, 1971-1972, 1975-1976, 1981-1982, 1987-1988, 1992-1993, 1997-1998, 2005-2006（total of 9 times）
Today, the international community faces many complex challenges such as terrorism and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, which cannot be dealt with properly by individual state or regions alone, as well as regional conflicts, and it is important for the international community to unite and cooperate in order to tackle these challenges effectively. As the body endowed with primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security, the UNSC is expected to play a particularly important part in this regard. Japan is committed to making proactive and constructive contributions to the work of the Security Council.
For details about Security Council reform, see
Presidency of Japan
Japan assumed the presidency of the Security Council in February 2009 and April 2010. (The presidency rotates monthly.)
Japan’s Remarks in the Security Council
List of statements