At an event held today at the Millenium UN Plaza Hotel, the Group of Four
(Japan, Germany, India, and Brazil) presented the essentials of their draft
framework resolution that they hope the General Assembly will adopt by this
summer. The event was attended by delegates of approximately 140 UN member
nations as well as H.E. Mr. Jean Ping, the president of the 59th General
Assembly. The G4 was created in order to achieve Security Council reform by
the end of 2005.
Within the General Assembly since 2004, 166 countries have stressed the
necessity of Security Council reform, and 120 countries have expressed
support for an increase in the number of permanent and non-permanent seats
on the Council. In March the African Union (AU) also announced its position
that Security Council reform should involve an increase in both the
permanent and non-permanent categories.
The G4 members took this opportunity to convey to the invitees that the UN
must successfully cope with such pressing threats as the spread of weapons
of mass destruction, terrorism, poverty, and environmental degradation that
international society is facing. These countries believe that "an expanded
Security Council should include, on a permanent basis, countries that have
the will and the capacity to take on major responsibilities with regard to
the maintenance of international peace and security."